System Firewall

Enabling the local firewall can protect your device from unwanted connections initiated by other computers when you're connected to a network.


macOS Instructions:

  1. On your Mac, choose Apple menu  > System Preferences, click Security & Privacy, then click Firewall.
    macOS Security and Privacy settings pane selected on the Firewall settings section.
  2. Click the lock in the bottom left to make changes.
    macOS Security & Privacy firewall settings enabled.
  3. Click Turn On Firewall.


Windows Instructions:

The Microsoft Defender Firewall is enabled by default. Turning off Microsoft Defender Firewall could make your device more vulnerable to unauthorized access. If there's an app you need to use that's being blocked, you can allow it through the firewall, instead of turning the firewall off.

  1. Select the Start button > Settings > Update & Security > Windows Security and then Firewall & network protection.
    Windows Settings Security window.
  2. Select a network profile: Domain networkPrivate network, or Public network.

    Windows Firewall & network protection window.
  3. Under Microsoft Defender Firewall, switch the setting to On.

    Windows Security preferences with the Microsoft Defender Firewall option highlighted.

Linux Instructions: 


Distributions handle the firewall different some have variation of products, and the others may have turned off the firewall by default. Two popular options are IPTABLES and UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) both can be installed using a package manager.  Based on your Service Manager the steps to check status and/or start will vary – additionally, recall the root user or the sudo setup when running commads.





IPTABLES is traditionally located in /usr/sbin/iptables it may also be found in /sbin/iptables If your distribution has IPTABLES it may be active, but to verify try the following.

  ~# service iptables status.
  ~#systemctl status iptables

Start it by changing ‘status’ with ‘start’.



UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) depending on the distribution may be installed but stopped.


To start the services on a Ubuntu distribution or derivative distribution of Ubuntu, keep in mind that Debian may not use sudoers by default.  


  :~$ sudo ufw enable
  ~$ sudo ufw status verbose



This Guide Applies To: